Colfax County is the only New Mexico County named after a Vice-President. Schuyler Colfax, the seventeenth Vice President of the United States. Colfax County was created in 1869 from Mora County, which was created from Taos County, an original New Mexico county. The county originally covered the entire Northeast corner of the state to the Texas border. In 1893 a portion of Colfax County was taken to create Union County. That area was divided again in 1921 to create Harding County.
The County seat of Colfax County is the City of Raton.
The county has a total land area of 3,768 square miles.
As of the 2000 census, there were 14,189 people, 5,821 households, and 3,975 families residing in the county.
The estimated 2004 population was 13,831 or -0.2% less then the 2000 population.
The population density is almost 4 persons per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county is:
Population by age:
- 81.50% White;
- 47.49% Hispanic;
- 1.47% Native American;
- 0.32% Black;
- 0.32% Asian;
- 0.01% Pacific Islander;
- 12.80% from other races; and,
- 3.59% from two or more races.
The median age is 41 years.
- 25.10% under the age of 18,
- 6.90% from 18 to 24,
- 24.50% from 25 to 44,
- 26.50% from 45 to 64, and
- 16.90% who are 65 years of age or older.
The median income for a household in the county is $30,744.
Males have a median income of $26,736 versus $19,644 for females.
The per capita income for the county is $16,418.
Local DWI Coordinator for Colfax CountyMary Gansz
P.O. Box 1498
Raton, NM 87740-1498